Human sexuality extends a variety of attitudes and differs from society to culture, thus creating it hard to decide what type of sexual expression is acceptable. Sexual Deviant is defined as any individuals exhibiting sexual behaviors that do not conform with the standard norms of society or culture. There has been some effort to define sexual deviation under the umbrella of sexual paraphilias from a clinical point of view.
Table of Contents
What is a Sexual Deviation?
Sexual deviation or sexual perversion refers to any sexual behavior like paraphilia that significantly deviates from the standards established by culture or sub-culture. Sexual deviation also indicates the experience of intense sexual arousal to atypical objects, fantasies, situations, behaviors, or individuals.
Sexual deviant behavior is culturally and historically specific. It typically indicates the behavior where individuals seek erotic gratification through means that are considered odd, different, or unacceptable to either most or influential person in one’s community. It is difficult to understand the sexual deviation with the help of a definition because of the complexities within gender, sexuality, crime, and deviance to do so.
More simply, sexual deviation can be defined as sexual behavior perceived as deviant in a particular society.
Signs and Symptoms of Sexual Deviance
The psychological examination and assessment of 20 paraphilia sexual aggressors is conducted, and it revealed the following common characteristics exhibited by the patient group
- Lack of responsibility
- Lack of empathy
- Low sensitivity
- Absence of feeling of guilt
- Aggression more than normal
- Criminal behavior
Deviant Forms of Sexual Behavior
It is the form of paraphilia and is defined as an act of observing and peeping that is arousing. It is not associated with any sexual activity with the observed person. Voyeurism starts during early adulthood or adolescence, and this type of paraphilia is commonly found in men.
It is a form of sexual deviance that involves erotic attachment to an inanimate object or an ordinary asexual part of the human body. It also refers to a charm that is thought to have some magical or spiritual powers. This mental condition is exclusively found among men.
It is also known as zoophilia and involves sexual activities with lower animals. It is also associated with recurrent intense sexual fantasies and urges with animals.
It is a psychological disorder that refers to the sexual attraction or excitation of a person towards dead bodies. Different schools of thought support necrophilia by stating that the person who cannot accept the death of his loved one becomes necrophilia, but the world health organization categorizes it as a mental disorder and paraphilia.
It is a disorder characterized by intense sexually arousing fantasies or urges that typically involve children. It is classified as a mental disorder because it can harm others as well. Its treatment includes long-term psychotherapy and medications that alter sex drive and reduce testosterone levels.
It is a derivation of sexual gratification through the compulsive display of one’s genitals and is regarded as deviant behavior when it occurs outside the context of intimate sexual relations. Sometimes Normal individuals experiencing any personal loss or facing any severe mental trauma turns to Exhibitionism.
It is a mental disorder that involves intense sexual arousal from cross-dressing and causes significant distress or potential interferes with daily functioning. People with transvestism are called cross-dressers. Psychotherapy is more effective than medications in treating transvestism.
How do people become sexually deviant?
It is suggested by research that different factors contribute to sexual offending behavior. Adverse conditions in an individual’s early development result in poor attachment to others. Especially caregivers, and these negative situations contribute to the development of sexual offending behavior.
Relation Between Personality and Sexual Deviated Thoughts
The study reveals some interesting links between personality and sexually deviant behavior.
- The psychopathic traits may be differentially associated with specific types of sexual offending, and this rate has been shown higher among rapists than child molesters
- Sexually deviant thoughts for neurotic individuals may be unwanted and intrusive. So neurotic individuals supposed themselves as being an unwanted victim of bondage in these thoughts
- Correlations of this study also suggest that deviant sexual thoughts of the sub-clinical psychopath may convert into deviant sexual behaviors
- However, the above mention statement cannot be said in the case of neurotic individuals
- Even though narcissism has a strong co-relation with deviant sexual behaviors but this association was not as strong as the relationship with sub-clinical psychopathy.
- The relationship between pornography and deviant sexual behavior is moderate by sub-clinical psychopathy.
Sexual deviant behavior is a combination of various types of sexual behavior and aggressive behavior that influence the personality in many ways. Studies and researches are going on to establish a more clear relationship between sexual deviance and psychopathy disorders. Sexual deviation needs to be addressed and focused in the same way as other common mental disorders like depression, hallucination, etc.