What are the Different Types of Whole Life Insurance?

What are the Different Types of Whole Life Insurance?

The aim of this article was to provide a broad overview of whole life insurance, its pros and cons, and the different types of policies available. If you are interested in learning more about this type of insurance, or if you are looking for a policy, be sure to read the full article.

What Is Meant By Whole Life Insurance?

When most people think about life insurance, they think about term life insurance. This type of policy provides coverage for a specific period of time – typically 10, 20, or 30 years. After that time expires, the policyholder is no longer covered and must either purchase a new policy or go without life insurance altogether.

Whole life insurance, on the other hand, is a type of permanent life insurance. As the name suggests, it covers the policyholder for their entire lifetime. In addition to death benefits,

Moreover, whole life insurance also offers a saving component in which cash value may accumulate. Interest grows at a fixed rate and on a tax-deferred basis. 

Worth noting Points

  • Whole life insurance is a real-life insurance policy.
  • Whole life insurance covers the whole insurer’s life. Whole life insurance covers limited years of the insurer’s life.
  • Whole life insurance is a type of permanent life insurance while other types of permanent life insurance include universal life, indexed universal life, variable universal life, etc. 

Insights Of Whole Life Insurance

Insights Of Whole Life Insurance

Whole life insurance gives you the guarantee of death benefits to beneficiaries. This insurance plan also has an investment funds segment, called the “cash value,” close to the passing advantage. In the reserve funds part, interest might gather on an expense conceded premiseIncrement in cash values is the mandatory part of whole life insurance. 

Building cash

In order to build cash value. A policyholder can remit payments more than the paid-up additions ( also called the scheduled premium). Strategy profits can likewise be reinvested into the money esteem and procure revenue. The money esteem offers a living advantage to the policyholder. Over the long haul, the profits and premium made on the strategy’s money worth will frequently give a positive re-visitation of financial backers, becoming bigger than the aggregate sum of charges paid into the strategy. Fundamentally, it fills in as a wellspring of value.

Cash reserves

For having an access to cash reserves, the policyholder has to request a loan or withdrawal of funds. Depending upon the insurer, interest is applied on loans with variable rates. The insurer can also withdraw tax-free funds up to the value of total premiums paid. It is important to note that unpaid loans will decrease the benefit by a considerable amount. In some cases, policies are reduced with each withdrawal on a dollar-for-dollar basis. In other policies, death benefits are reduced to an amount greater than what is withdrawn. 

Pros and Cons Of Whole Life insurance


  • Permanency
  • Predictability
  • Tax reductions
  • Potential advance security


A Whole Life Insurance Policy can last your entire life as long as you keep up with premiums. It gives you surety and benefits for your whole life and not for some years of life. 


The premiums and your death benefits in your whole life insurance stay the same. It is appropriate for those people who are uncomfortable with investment risk and want to purchase a permanent policy for their entire life. 

Tax Reductions

The cash value in the whole life insurance policy grows tax-deferred otherwise dividends and interest would be taxed every year. Moreover, life insurance is generally not taxable so you can easily skip taxes

Potential advance Security

In whole life insurance, policyholders can borrow against cash values and this is beneficial for handling any emergency situation if the person is left with no other means of burrowing. The person has the choice to pay back that value or not if he can’t. But this will decrease the death benefits if he dies before paying it back. 


  • More Cost
  • Decreased death benefits
  • Lack of investment control

More Costly

Whole life insurance is more costly than life insurance. It is because of that reason part of your premium goes to fund that cash-value account. Secondly, insurance salespeople get a higher commission for selling whole life insurance than term life insurance.

Decreased Death benefits

Whole life insurance provides reduced death benefits as compared to term life insurance. So if you have a young family depending on your income or you want more insurance then term life insurance fits best ten whole life insurance. 

Lack Of Investment Control

The insurance company invests the cash value of your whole insurance plan in the way they choose. If you are a potential investor and risk taker then you can invest this money on your own. But you are limited to funds that insurance companies make available for you.

Main Types Of Whole Life Insurance

Insights Of Whole Life Insurance

The two basic types of whole life insurance are participating and non-participating life insurance.

1. Participating Life Insurance

This insurance plan pays dividends and it is truly based on the company’s performance. It applies to your cash values and policy premiums. 

2. Non-participating Life Insurance

This insurance plan does not pay dividends if your insurance provider has profitable years. Also, it has low premiums

Other Types Of Whole Life Insurance

Insights Of Whole Life Insurance

Whole life insurance has several types that can be categorized according to the need of the insurer and his family. The following table gives you a brief idea about it. 

Let’s discuss each type of whole insurance plan in detail. 

  • Indexed whole life insurance: In this insurance policy, the cash value grows at a rate controlled by your provider. There may be an upper limit and a fixed minimum. The performance of the provider’s investment index will decide the changes in your cash value. 
  • Variable whole life insurance: It allows you to decide how to invest your cash value. You can select your investment plan from specific funds provided by your agent. On the basis of the performance of these funds, your cash value will increase or decrease and gain will come with high fees.
  • Guaranteed issue whole life insurance: This insurance plan allows you to decide where to invest your cash value. You can decide on your investment from a list of selected funds offered by your provider. Depending on the performance of your investment, your cash value can shrink or grows. 
  • Limited payment whole life insurance: It is also known as 10 pay or 20 pay whole life insurance. It allows you to pay off your premiums and fund your cash value in a shorter duration of time. 
  • Joint life insurance: This policy plan is largely sold to couples as it can cover two people. It is of two types. One is “first to die” in which policy pays out after one policyholder dies. The second one is “second to die “in which policy pays out after both pass away.
  • Modified whole life insurance: This plan comes with a lower premium for initial 2 to 3 years. The premium increases significantly once your period had finished. It is suitable for people who want to buy a whole life plan and can afford higher premiums within a few years.
  • Reduced paid-up whole life insurance: If you find a whole life coverage policy unaffordable then you can go for a reduced paid-up plan. It allows you to utilize your accumulated cash value to buy a reduced amount of paid-up coverage. Still, you have some whole life protection with term life coverage for the time of need.
  • Simplified issue whole life insurance: It is similar to a guaranteed life policy. It offers death benefits up to $40,000 for people over age 45 and it does not include a cash value component. You can also skip the medical exam but you have to answer a medical questionnaire 
  • Single-premium whole life insurance: It is for high earners who do not want to pay for life insurance repeatedly but also want to get benefits from it. It allows you o fund your entire whole life insurance policy but the upfront cost is too high. 
  • Whole life insurance for children: Mostly individual whole life policies are for kids and allow the policyholder t secure their children’s future. We do not recommend insurance for children except if he has a medical condition or is at a risk. Otherwise, in adulthood, your child will get a cheaper policy with more financial gain 

Difference between Whole Life Insurance and Other Types Of Permanent Insurance

Along with whole life insurance, the following are the three major kinds of life insurance that are being sold. All have saving components and insurance but they can be compared with whole life insurance in the following way.

Universal life insurance

allows policyholders to increase or decrease their death benefits but this affects your premium in return. For example, if a person wants to buy a low-cost universal life policy with low-cost death benefits then it will rise if his family or income grows and get low again when his kids become

Variable Life insurance

This insurance plan gives greater control to policyholders over how their cash value is invested. It offers you a list of mutual funds so you can decide. In contrast, whole life insurance policies make investment decisions on their own. Thes investments will create fluctuation in cash value and death benefits. 

Variable – Universal Life Insurance

It is a hybrid scheme in which policyholders can adjust their death benefits like a universal life policy and choose in what way their cash value is invested like a variable life policy.

In A Nutshell

Whole life insurance or traditional life insurance is a form of permanent life insurance that provides permanent death benefit coverage for the policyholder. 

This article discusses the types of whole life insurance policies and how they work. It also provides a summary of the pros and cons of each type of policy. If you are considering purchasing a whole life insurance policy, this article will help you make an informed decision.

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